Drug: Disalcid

DISALCID (salsalate) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent for oral administration. Chemically, salsalate (salicylsalicylic acid or 2-hydroxybenzoE acid, 2carboxyphenyl ester) is a dimer of salicylic acid; its structural formula is shown below. Each DISALCID capsule contains 500 mg salsalate and also contains colloidal silicon dioxide, gelatin, magnesium stearate, pregelatinited starch, corn starch, titanium dioxide, FD& C blue #l, and D& C yellow #l0. Each DISALCI D tablet contains 500 or 750 mg salsalate and also contains croscarmellose sodium, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, magnesium stearate, microcryst, alline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, propylene glycol, talc, titanium dioxide, FD& C blue #l, and D& C yellow #l0. (See HOW SUPPLIED)

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In two well-controlled clinical trials (n= 280 patients), the following reversible adverse experiences characteristic of salicylates were most commonly reported with DISALCID (salsalate) , listed in descending order of frequency: tinnitus, nausea, hearing impairment, rash, and vertigo. These common symptoms of salicylates, i.e., tinnitus or reversible hearing impairment, are often used as a guide to therapy. Although cause-and-effect relationships have not been established, spontaneous reports over a ten-year period have included the following additional medically significant adverse experiences: abdominal pain, abnormal hepatic function, anaphylactic shock, angioedema, bronchospasm, decreased creatinine dearance, diarrhea, G.I. bleeding, hepatitis, hypotension, nephritis and urticaria. DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE Drug abuse and dependence have not been reported with DISALCID (salsalate) . Read the Disalcid (salsalate) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effectsLearn More »

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Adults The usual dosage is 3000 mg daily, given in divided doses as follows: 1) two doses of two 750 mg tablets: 2) two doses of three 500 mg tablets/capsules; or 3) three doses of two 500 mg tablets/capsules. Some patients, e.g., the elderly, may require a lower dosage to achieve therapeutic blood concentrations and to avoid the more common side effects such as auditory. Alleviation of symptoms is gradual, and full benefit may not be evident for 3 to 4 days, when plasma salicylate levels have achieved steady state. There is no evidence for development of tissue tolerance (tachyphylaxis) but salicylate therapy may induce increased activity of metabolizing liver enzymes, causing a greater rate of salicyluric acid production and excretion, with a resultant increase in dosage requirement for maintenance of therapeutic serum salicylate levels. Children Dosage recommendations and indications for DISALCID (salsalate) use in children have not been established.

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Salicylates antagonize the uricosuric action of . drugs used to treat gout. ASPIRIN AND OTHER SALICYLATE DRUGS WILL BE ADDITIVE TO DISALCID (salsalate) AND MAY INCREASE PLASMA CONCENTRATIONS OF SALICYLIC ACID TO TOXIC LEVELS. Drugs and foods that raise urine pH will increase renal clearance and urinary excretion of salicylic acid, thus lowering plasma levels; acidifying drugs or foods will decrease urinary excretion and increase plasma levels. Salicylates given concomitantly with anticoagulant drugs may predispose to systemic bleeding. Salicylates may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of oral antidiabetic drugs of the sulfonylurea class. Salicylate competes with a number of drugs for protein binding sites, notably penicillin, thiopental, thyroxine, triiodothyronine, phenytoin, sulfinpyrazone, naproxen, warfarin, methotrexate, and possibly corticosteroids. Drug/ Laboratory Test Interactions Salicylate competes with thyroid hormone for binding to plasma proteins, which may be reflected in a depressed plasma T4 value in some patients; thyroid function and basal metabolism are unaffected. Read the Disalcid Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions Learn More »

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DISALCID (salsalate) is indicated for relief of the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and related rheumatic disorders.

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DISALCID is contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to salsalate. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/8/2004
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Death has followed ingestion of 10 to 30 g of salicylates in adults, but much larger amounts have been ingested without fatal outcome. Symptoms The usual symptoms of salicylism - tinnitus, vertigo, headache, confusion, drowsiness, sweating, hyperventilation, vomiting and diarrhea - will occur. More severe intoxication will lead to disruption of electrolyte balance and blood pH, and hyperthermia and dehydration. Treatment Further absorption of DISALCID (salsalate) from the G.I. tract should be prevented by emesis (syrup of ipecac) and if necessary, by gastric lavage. Fluid and electrolyte imbalance should be corrected by the administration of appropriate I.V. therapy. Adequate renal function should be maintained. Hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis may be required in extreme cases.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Each DISALCID (salsalate) 500 mg aqua/white capsule printed with Disalcid (salsalate) /3M is available in:
      Bottles of 100 (NDC #0089-0148-10)

Each DISALCID (salsalate) 500 mg aqua, film coated, round, bisected tablet embossed with DISALCID (salsalate) on one side and 3M on the other side is available in:
      Bottles of 100 (NDC #0089-0149-10)
      Bottles of 500 (NDC #0089-0149-50)

Each DISALCID (salsalate) 750 mg aqua, film coated, capsule shaped, bisected tablet embossed with DISALCID (salsalate) 750 on one side and 3M on the other side is available in:
      Bottles of 100 (NDC #0089-0151-10)
      Bottles of 500 (NDC #0089-0151-50)

Store at controlled room temperature 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).
Rx only JUNE 1998

3M Pharmaceuticals
Northridge, CA 91324Last reviewed on RxList: 12/8/2004
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

General Patients on treatment with DISALCID (salsalate) should be warned not to take other salicylates so as to avoid potentially toxic concentrations. Great care should be exercised when DISALCID (salsalate) is prescribed in the presence of chronic renal insufficiency or peptic ulcer disease. Protein binding of salicylic acid can be influenced by nutritional status, competitive binding of other drugs, and fluctuations in serum proteins caused by disease (rheumatoid arthritis, etc.). Although cross reactivity, induding bronchospasm, has been reported occasionally with non- acetylated salicylates, including salsalate, in aspirin-sensitive patients,8,9 salsalate is less likely than aspirin to induce asthma in such patients.10 Laboratory Tests Plasma salicylic acid concentrations should be periodically monitored during longterm treatment with DISALCID (salsalate) to aid maintenance of therapeutically effective levels: 10 to 30 mg/100 ml. Toxic manifestations are not usually seen until plasma concentrations exceed 30 mg/l00 ml (see OVERDOSAGE). Urinary pH should also be regularly monitored: sudden acidification, as from pH 6.5 to 5.5, can double the plasma level, resulting in toxicity. Carcinogenesis No long-term animal studies have been performed with DISALCID (salsalate) to evaluate its carcinogenic potential. Use in Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C: Salsalate and salicylic acid have been shown to be teratogenic and embryocidal in rats when given in doses 4 to 5 times the usual human dose. The effects were not observed at doses twice as great as the usual human dose. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. DISALCID (salsalate) should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Labor and Delivery There exist no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Although adverse effects on mother or infant have not been reported with DISALCID (salsalate) use during labor, caution is advised when anti-inflammatory dosage is involved. However, other salicylates have been associated with prolonged gestation and labor, maternal and neonatal bleeding sequelae, potentiation of narcotic and barbiturate effects (respiratory or cardiac arrest in the mother), delivery problems and stillbirth. Nursing Mothers It is not known whether salsalate per se is excreted in human milk; salicylic acid, the primary metabolite of DISALCID (salsalate) , has been shown to appear in human milk in concentrations approximating the maternal blood level. Thus, the infant of a mother on DISALCID (salsalate) therapy might ingest in mother†s milk 30 to 80% as much salicylate per kg body weight as the mother is taking. Accordingly, caution should be exercised when DISALCID (salsalate) is administered to a nursing woman. Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. (See WARNINGS) Last reviewed on RxList: 12/8/2004
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

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