Drug: Decavac

DECAVAC®, Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids Adsorbed (Td), manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur Inc. for intramuscular injection, is a sterile suspension of alum (aluminum potassium sulfate)-precipitated toxoids in an isotonic sodium chloride solution. The vaccine, after shaking, is a turbid liquid, whitish-gray in color. Corynebacterium diphtheriae cultures are grown in a modified Mueller and Miller medium.1 Clostridium tetani cultures are grown in a peptone-based medium containing an extract of bovine muscle tissue. The bovine muscle tissue used in this medium is US sourced. Tetanus and diphtheria toxins produced during the growth of the cultures are detoxified with formaldehyde. The detoxified materials are then separately purified by serial ammonium sulfate fractionation and diafiltration, and adsorbed onto alum. Each 0.5 mL dose of DECAVAC (tetanus and diphtheria toxoids adsorbed) vaccine is formulated to contain the following active ingredients: 5 Lf of tetanus toxoid and 2 Lf of diphtheria toxoid. The tetanus and diphtheria toxoids induce at least 2 units and 0.5 units of antitoxin per mL of serum, respectively, in the guinea pig potency test. Each 0.5 mL dose also contains a trace amount of thimerosal [mercury derivative, ( ≤ 0.3 μg mercury/dose) not as a preservative] from the manufacturing process, aluminum adjuvant (not more than 0.28 mg aluminum by assay), and not more than 100 μg (0.02%) of residual formaldehyde. 1. Mueller JH, et al. Production of diphtheria toxin of high potency (100 Lf) on a reproducible medium. J Immunol 40:1941;21-32.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Data from Clinical Studies Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a vaccine cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another vaccine and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The adverse reaction information from clinical trials does, however, provide a basis for identifying the adverse events that appear to be related to vaccine use and for approximating rates. Primary Immunization In a clinical study, 42 persons 6-58 years of age underwent primary immunization against tetanus and diphtheria. Eight of these participants (19%) noted local reactions consisting of pain and tenderness, induration, and erythema at the injection site; none reported systemic symptoms.4 Booster Immunization In a clinical study, 792 adolescents 11-17 years of age and 573 adults 18-64 years of age received a booster dose with DECAVAC vaccine. Study participants had not received tetanus or diphtheria toxoid-containing vaccines within the previous 5 years. Solicited local reactions and systemic adverse events were monitored daily for 14 days post-vaccination using subject diary cards. Serious adverse events were monitored through 6 months post-vaccination. Ninety-seven percent of participants who received DECAVAC vaccine completed the 6-month telephone follow-up. Solicited Adverse Events The frequency of selected solicited injection site reactions (pain, swelling, or erythema) occurring during Days 0-14 following booster vaccination with DECAVAC vaccine in adolescents 11 through 17 years of age, and adults 18 through 64 years of age are presented in Table 2. Pain at the injection site was the most common adverse reaction occurring in 71% of adolescents and 62.9% of adults. Table 2: Frequencies of Solicited Injection Site Reactions for Adolescents and Adults, Days 0-14 Following BoosterVaccination with DECAVAC Vaccine
Adverse Event Adolescents 11-17 years Adults 18-64 years Na = 783-787 (%) Na = 551-561 (%) Injection Site Any 71.0 62.9 Moderateb 15.6 10.2 Pain Severec 0.6 0.9 Any 18.3 17.3 Moderate   Injection Site Swelling   1.0 to 3.4 cm 5.7 5.4 Severe      ≥ 3.5 cm 5.5 5.5    ≥ 5 cm 3.6 2.7 Any 19.7 21.6 Moderate   Injection Site Erythema   1.0 to 3.4 cm 4.6 8.4 Severe      ≥ 3.5 cm 5.3 4.8    ≥ 5 cm 2.9 3.0 aN = number of participants who provided data (not all participants evaluated every event).
bInterfered with activities, but did not necessitate medical care or absenteeism.
cIncapacitating, prevented the performance of usual activities, may have/or did necessitate medical care or absenteeism. The frequency of solicited systemic adverse events occurring during Days 0-14 following booster vaccination with DECAVAC vaccine are presented in Table 3. Headache was the most frequent solicited systemic adverse event, and was usually of mild or moderate intensity. Table 3: Frequencies of Solicited Systemic Adverse Events for Adolescents and Adults, Days 0-14 Following Booster Vaccination with DECAVAC Vaccine
Adverse Event Adolescents 11-17 years Adults 18-64 years Na = 787 (%) Na = 560-561 (%) Headache Any 40.4 34.1 Moderateb 11.1 10.5 Severec 1.5 2.1 Body Ache or Muscle Weakness Any 29.9 18.8 Moderateb 6.9 5.7 Severec 0.9 0.9 Tiredness Any 27.3 20.7 Moderateb 7.5 6.1 Severec 1.0 0.5 Chills Any 12.6 6.6 Moderateb 2.5 1.6 Severec 0.1 0.5 Nausea Any 12.3 7.9 Moderateb 3.2 1.8 Severec 0.6 0.5 Sore and Swollen Joints Any 11.7 7.0 Moderateb 2.5 2.1 Severec 0.1 0.5 Diarrhea Any 10.2 11.3 Moderateb 2.0 2.7 Severec 0.0 0.5 Lymph Node Swelling Any 5.3 4.1 Moderateb 0.5 0.5 Severec 0.0 0.0 Vomiting Any 2.8 1.8 Moderateb 1.1 0.9 Severec 0.3 0.2 Fever Any ≥ 38.0°C ( ≥ 100.4°F) 2.7 1.1 ≥ 38.8°C to ≤ 39.4°C ( ≥ 102.0°F to ≤ 103.0°F) 0.6 0.2 ≤ 39.5°C ( ≤ 103.1°F) 0.1 0.2 Rash Any 2.0 2.3 aN = number of participants who provided data (not all participants evaluated every event).
bInterfered with activities, but did not necessitate medical care or absenteeism. incapacitating, prevented the performance of usual activities, may have/or did necessitate medical care or absenteeism. Serious Adverse Events Among 792 adolescents 11-17 years of age and 573 adults 18-64 years of age who received a booster dose with DECAVAC vaccine, 2 adolescents and 2 adults reported a serious adverse event that occurred within 30 days following vaccination. Events reported in adolescents were jaw fracture secondary to trauma and abdominal pain/appendectomy. Events reported in adults were atrial septal defect and elective surgical repair in one subject, and myocardial infarction in one subject with a history of coronary artery disease. Post-Marketing Experience The following adverse events have been spontaneously reported during the post-marketing use of Td manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur Inc. Because these events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to vaccination. The following adverse events were included based on severity, frequency of reporting or the strength of causal association with DECAVAC vaccine. Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders Lymphadenopathy. Immune System Disorders Allergic reactions (such as rash, urticaria, pruritus, and angioedema), including anaphylactic reactions. Nervous System Disorders Headache, paresthesia, dizziness, syncope, and convulsions. Gastrointestinal Disorders Nausea, vomiting. Musculoskeletal, Connective Tissue and Bone Disorders Myalgia, arthralgia, pain in extremities, musculoskeletal stiffness. General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions Injection site reactions (including swelling, redness, warmth, induration, cellulitis, and nodules). Pyrexia, chills, pain, malaise, asthenia, fatigue, edema peripheral. Read the Decavac (tetanus and diphtheria toxoids adsorbed) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effectsLearn More »

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Dosage And Schedule Primary Immunization DECAVAC vaccine may be used in persons 7 years of age and older who have not been immunized previously against tetanus and diphtheria or who have begun a primary immunization series but did not complete it. The primary immunization series consists of three 0.5 mL doses. The first two doses are administered at least 4 weeks apart and the third dose is administered at least 6 months after the second dose. DECAVAC vaccine may be used to complete the primary immunization series for tetanus and diphtheria in persons 7 years of age or older who have received one or two doses of Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed (whole-cell DTP), Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed (DTaP) and/or Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids Adsorbed (DT). However, the safety and efficacy of DECAVAC vaccine in such regimens have not been evaluated. Routine Booster Immunization DECAVAC vaccine may be used for routine booster immunization against tetanus and diphtheria in persons 7 years of age and older who have completed primary immunization against tetanus and diphtheria. Routine booster immunization against tetanus and diphtheria is recommended in children 11-12 years of age and every 10 years thereafter.1 Tetanus Prophylaxis in Wound Management For active tetanus immunization in wound management of patients 7 years of age and older, a preparation containing tetanus and diphtheria toxoids is preferred instead of single-antigen tetanus toxoid to enhance diphtheria protection.2 DECAVAC vaccine is approved for wound management of patients 7 years of age and older. The need for active immunization with a tetanus toxoid-containing preparation, with or without Tetanus Immune Globulin (TIG) (Human) depends on both the condition of the wound and the patient's vaccination history (Table 1). When indicated, TIG (Human) should be administered using a separate needle and syringe at a different anatomic site, according to the manufacturer's package insert. If a contraindication to using a tetanus toxoid-containing vaccine exists in a person who has not completed tetanus primary immunization and other than a clean, minor wound is sustained, only passive immunization with TIG (Human) should be given.2 Table 1: Guide to Use of Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids Adsorbed (Td) and Tetanus Immune Globulin (TIG) (Human) for Tetanus Prophylaxis in Routine Wound Management for Persons 7 Years of Age and Older
History of Adsorbed Tetanus Toxoid (doses) Clean, Minor Wounds All Other Woundsa Td TIG Td TIG Unknown or < three Yes No Yes Yes    ≥ threeb Noc No Nod No aSuch as, but not limited to, wounds contaminated with dirt, feces, soil, and saliva; puncture wounds; avulsions; and wounds resulting from missiles, crushing, burns, and frostbite.
bIf only three doses of fluid tetanus toxoid have been received, then a fourth dose of toxoid, preferably, an adsorbed toxoid should be given.
cYes, if ≥ 10 years since the last tetanus toxoid-containing vaccine dose.
dYes, if ≥ 5 years since the last tetanus toxoid-containing vaccine dose. (More frequent boosters are not needed and can accentuate side effects.) Diphtheria Prophylaxis for Case Contacts DECAVAC vaccine may be used for post-exposure diphtheria prophylaxis in persons 7 years of age and older who have not completed primary vaccination, whose vaccination status is unknown, or who have not been vaccinated with diphtheria toxoid within the previous 5 years. Consult ACIP recommendations for additional interventions for post-exposure diphtheria prophylaxis. (2) Administration Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. If these conditions exist, DECAVAC vaccine should not be administered. DECAVAC vaccine, after shaking, is a turbid liquid, whitish-gray in color. For DECAVAC vaccine supplied in vials, shake the vial well before withdrawing the dose. Discard vial if DECAVAC vaccine cannot be resuspended. For DECAVAC vaccine supplied in syringes, shake the syringe well before administering the dose. Discard syringe if DECAVAC vaccine cannot be resuspended. Inject 0.5 mL intramuscularly. The preferred site is the deltoid muscle. DECAVAC vaccine should not be injected into the gluteal area or areas where there may be a major nerve trunk. Do not administer DECAVAC vaccine intravenously or subcutaneously. DECAVAC vaccine should not be combined through reconstitution or mixed with any other vaccine.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Concomitant Administration With Other Vaccines No safety and immunogenicity data are available regarding concomitant administration of DECAVAC vaccine with other US licensed vaccines. Immunosuppressive Treatments Immunosuppressive therapies, including irradiation, antimetabolites, alkylating agents, cytotoxic drugs and corticosteroids (used in greater than physiologic doses), may reduce the immune response to DECAVAC vaccine. Tetanus Immune Globulin (Human) If passive protection against tetanus is required, TIG (Human) may be administered according to its prescribing information, concomitantly with DECAVAC vaccine at a separate site with a separate needle and syringe. [See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] REFERENCES 4 Myers MG, et al. Primary immunization with tetanus and diphtheria toxoids. JAMA 248:1982;2478-2480. Last reviewed on RxList: 9/29/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

DECAVAC® is a vaccine indicated for active immunization for the prevention of tetanus and diphtheria. DECAVAC vaccine is approved for use in persons 7 years of age and older.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Hypersensitivity A severe allergic reaction (eg, anaphylaxis) after a previous dose of DECAVAC vaccine or any other tetanus toxoid or diphtheria toxoid containing vaccine or any other component of this vaccine is a contraindication to administration of DECAVAC vaccine. [See DESCRIPTION] Because of uncertainty as to which component of the vaccine may be responsible, no further vaccination with diphtheria or tetanus components should be carried out. Alternatively, such individuals may be referred to an allergist for evaluation if further immunizations are to be considered. Last reviewed on RxList: 9/29/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

No information provided.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Dosage Forms And Strengths DECAVAC vaccine is a sterile suspension for injection available in 0.5 mL single-dose vials or syringes. Vial, 1 Dose (10 per package) - NDC 49281-291-83. Contains no latex. Syringe, 1 Dose (10 per package, without needle) - NDC 49281-291-10. The tip caps of the prefilled syringes may contain natural rubber latex. No other components contain latex. Storage And Handling Store at 2° to 8°C (35° to 46°F). Do not freeze. Do not use vaccine after expiration date. REFERENCES 1 CDC. General Recommendations on Immunization: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR 2011;60(RR-02):1-60. 2 CDC. Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis: recommendations for vaccine use and other preventive measures: recommendations of the Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP). MMWR 1991:40(No. RR-10):1-28. Manufactured by: Sanofi Pasteur Inc., Swiftwater PA 18370 USA 5876-5877. Product information as of March 2011. Last reviewed on RxList: 9/29/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Management Of Acute Allergic Reactions Epinephrine injection (1:1000) and other appropriate agents and equipment must be immediately available should an acute anaphylactic reaction occur. Latex The tip caps of the DECAVAC prefilled syringes may contain natural rubber latex, which may cause allergic reactions in latex-sensitive individuals. Frequency Of Administration More frequent administration of DECAVAC vaccine than described in Dosage and Administration [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] may be associated with increased incidence and severity of adverse reactions. Arthus Reactions Persons who experienced an Arthus-type hypersensitivity reaction following a prior dose of a tetanus-toxoid containing vaccine usually have high serum tetanus antitoxin levels and should not receive DECAVAC vaccine more frequently than every 10 years, even for tetanus prophylaxis as part of wound management [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. GuiNain-Barre Syndrome And Brachial Neuritis A review by the Institute of Medicine found evidence for a causal relation between tetanus toxoid and both brachial neuritis and Guillain-Barre syndrome.3 If Guillain-Barre syndrome occurred within 6 weeks after receipt of a prior vaccine containing tetanus toxoid, the risk for Guillain- Barre syndrome may be increased following DECAVAC vaccine. Limitations Of Vaccine Effectiveness Vaccination with DECAVAC vaccine may not protect all individuals. Altered Immunocompetence Immune responses to inactivated vaccines and toxoids when given to immunocompromised persons may be suboptimal. The immune response to DECAVAC vaccine administered to immunocompromised individuals (whether from disease or treatment) has not been studied. Nonclinical Toxicology Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility No studies have been performed with DECAVAC vaccine to evaluate carcinogenicity, mutagenic potential, or impact on fertility. Use In Specific Populations Pregnancy Pregnancy Catergory C Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with DECAVAC vaccine. It is also not known whether DECAVAC vaccine can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. DECAVAC vaccine should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed. Nursing Mothers It is not known whether DECAVAC vaccine is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when DECAVAC vaccine is administered to a nursing woman. Pediatric Use DECAVAC vaccine is not approved for use in infants and children younger than 7 years of age. Safety and effectiveness of DECAVAC vaccine in this age group have not been established. Geriatric Use Clinical studies of DECAVAC vaccine did not include subjects aged 65 years and over to determine whether they respond differently than younger subjects. REFERENCES 3 Institute of Medicine (US). Stratton KR, et al, eds. Adverse events associated with childhood vaccines: evidence bearing on causality. Washington (DC): National Academy Press. 1994:67-117. Last reviewed on RxList: 9/29/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Health Services in

Drug Database Online

Welcome to Women's Health Care an online drug guide and dictionary, here you can get drug information and definitaions for most popular pharmaceutical and medicinal drugs, and specifically Decavac. Find what medications you are taking today.